What’s Your Time Perspective?
People in recovery may identify with these ‘types’ and the way they deal with life based on ones focus and the way in which one looks at events, personal history and future prospects.
Professor Philip Zimbardo identified five key approaches to time perspective. These are:
- The ‘past-negative’ type. Who focus on negative personal experiences that still have the power to upset. This can lead to feelings of bitterness and regret.
- The ‘past-positive’ type. Who take a nostalgic view of the past, and stay in very close contact with family. Who tend to have happy relationships, but the downside is a cautious, “better safe than sorry” approach which may hold one back.
- The ‘present-hedonistic’ type. Who are dominated by pleasure-seeking impulses, and are reluctant to postpone feeling good for the sake of greater gain later. These people are popular but tend to have a less healthy lifestyle and take more risks.
- The ‘present-fatalistic’ type. Who aren’t enjoying the present but feel trapped in it, unable to change the inevitability of the future. This sense of powerlessness can lead to anxiety, depression and risk-taking.
- The ‘future-focused’ type. Who are highly ambitious, focused on goals, and big on making ‘to do’ lists. These people tend to feel a nagging sense of urgency that can create stress for oneself and those around. Their investment in the future can come at the cost of close relationships and recreation time.
All five types come into play in ones life at some point, but there probably will be one or two directions in which one is more focused. If one identifies these and one can start developing a more flexible, healthier approach.
Full story at; Psych Central
Recovery is generated by taking the ‘one day at a time’ perspective. Dealing with life on a moment by moment basis and living in the present.