- central nervous system dysfunction,
- abnormal facial features,
- behavioural deficits, and
- growth deficiency.
FAS affects up to 9.1 of every 1000 babies born, triple that with heavy drinkers.
Common cognitive and behavioural problems in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder are.
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Inability to foresee consequences
- Inability to learn from previous experience
- Inappropriate or immature Behaviour
- Lack of organization
- Learning difficulties
- Poor abstract thinking
- Poor adaptability
- Poor impulse control
- Poor judgment
- Speech, language and other communication problems
- Secondary disabilities associated with FAS
- Mental health problems 90%
- Dependent living 80%
- Employment problems 80%
- Disruptive school experience 60%
- Trouble with law 60%
- Confinement 50%
- Inappropriate sexual Behaviour 50%
- Alcohol or drug problems 30%
FAS is 100% preventable by avoiding alcohol whilst pregnant.