Three hundred alcoholic patients were interviewed at hospitalisation and again 3 and 6 months thereafter in Porto Alegre, Brazil.
Assessment included mental disorders, a questionnaire focusing on patient relationship with Alcoholics Anonymous groups, and questions about participation in psychotherapy. An analysis was performed to determine predictive variables for relapse or abstinence 6 months after discharge.
- Previous treatment for alcohol dependence and
- being single proved to be associated with relapse,
- adherence to AA program and meeting attendance,
- the presence of a comorbid depressive disorder, and
- probably adherence to psychotherapy could be associated with abstinence.
These findings reinforce the importance of psychotherapy and AA groups for alcoholics to remain abstinent for longer.
Predictors of relapse in 300 Brazilian alcoholic patients: a 6-month follow-up study. Subst Use Misuse. 2008;43(3):403-11. Terra MB, Barros HM, Stein AT, Figueira I, Athayde LD, Ott DR, De Azambuja Rde C, Da Silveira DX.