The aim of this paper was to describe the psychopathological and personality profile associated with alcohol dependence and to compare it with those of non-addictive disorders and the normal population.
The sample consisted of
- 158 alcohol-dependent participants attending a psychiatric outpatient clinic,
- 120 psychiatric patients with non-addictive disorders and
- 103 participants from the general population chosen to match the patient samples for age, gender and socioeconomic level.
All participants were assessed with different instruments related to personality.
Patients from the clinical groups presented more symptoms of anxiety and depression than the healthy participants and had more problems adjusting to everyday life, but there were no differences between the two clinical groups.
- Alcohol-dependent patients were more impulsive and sensation-seeking than the other two groups.
- Histrionic, narcissistic and antisocial personality disorders were specific to the alcohol-dependent patients.
The implications of this study for further research are discussed.
Research report; Psychopathological symptoms and personality traits in alcohol-dependent patients: a comparative study. Adicciones. 2007;19(4):373-81. Bravo de Medina R, Echeburua E, Aizpiri J.